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- Juice of the flower-stem contains potash, soda, lime, magnesia, alumina, chlorine, sulfuric anhydride, silica and carbon anhydride.
- High potassium content - a medium banana contains about 450 mg of potassium. (Because of potassium homeostasis in the body, 40K ingested is balanced by 40K potassium excreted. The net dose of a banana is zero.)
- Preliminary phytochemical screening of fresh stem juice yielded vitamin B, oxalic acid, sulphate, vitamin C, starch, tannin, glycosides, phenolic compounds, gum mucilage.
- Study yielded 6 triterpenes: 6 triterpenes: cyclomusalenol, cyclomusalenone, 24-methylenecycloartanol, stigmast-7-methylenecycloartanol, stigmast-7-en-3-ol, lanosterol, and a-amyrin and eight flavonoids.
- Mineral content and nutritional value of varieties ( lakatan, latundan, saba, and bungalan ) showed the carbohydrate content to exceed 25%.
- Stems yielded tannins and glycosides in abundance, with moderate amounts of saponins, flavonoids, alkaloids, polyphenols and reducing sugars. Phlobatannins was absent. (see study above) ( 22 )
- Proximate analysis of roasted plantain showed high crude protein of % followed by fat content of % while boiled plantain showed crude protein of % and fat content of %. Musa paradisiaca both roasted and boiled are good sources of protein and carbohydrate.
- Phytochemical analysis of flowers yielded alkaloids, saponins, glycosides, tannins, flavanoids, and steroids. (see study below) ( 56 )
- Nutrient analysis of one medium Musa sapientum fruit yields g protein, 105 calories, g of dietary fiber, 422 mg potassium, 26 mg phosphorus, 32 mg magnesium, 6 mg of calcium, 1 mg sodium, mg iron, mcg selenium, mg manganese, mg copper, mg zinc. Vitamin analysis yields 76 IU vitamin A, mg vitamin B1 (thiamin), mg vitamin B2 (riboflavin), mg niacin, 24 mcg folate, mg pantothenic acid, mg vitamin B6, mg vitamin C, 012 mg vitamin E, mg vitamin K. (Deborah et al, 2011) ( 65 )
- Phytochemical analysis of peel and fruit yielded alkaloid, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, phlobatannins, glycosides, and terpenoids. (see study below) ( 66 )
- Study of leaf for secondary metabolites suggested the presence of alkaloid, flavanoid, tannin, steroid, cardiac glycosides. Phenolic content in the crude methanolic extract of leaf was ± mg of gallic acid (GAE) per gm of dried extract. Total flavonoid content was 1431 ± mg of rutin per gram of dried extract. (see study below) ( 75 )