In his lengthy literary career, Jonathan Swift wrote many stories that used a broad range of voices that were used to make some compelling personal statements. For example, Swifts, A Modest Proposal, is often heralded as his best use of sarcasm, satire, and irony. Yet taking into account the persona of Swift, as well as the period in which it was written, one can prove that through that same use of sarcasm and irony, this proposal is actually written to entertain the upper-class. Therefore the true irony in this story lies not in the review of minute details in the story, but rather in the context of the story as it is written. One of the voices that is present throughout the story is that of irony. The story itself is ironic since no one can take Swifts proposal seriously. This irony is clearly demonstrated at the end of the story; Swift makes it clear that this proposal would not affect him since his children were grown and his wife unable to have anymore children. One of the other voices that are present throughout the entire story is that of sarcasm. Right from the first paragraph Swift attempts to fool his readers by the sarcasm of the dreary scene that Swift presents. For example, he mentions that it is a melancholy sight
Most studies show that this treatment help relieve pain in at least half (50%) of the patients treated. The degree and duration of pain relief are variable and depend on many factors, including the underlying diagnosis or condition being treated, duration or symptoms before treatment, and whether previous back or neck surgery has been performed. Several conditions that may improve with epidurals include but are not limited to: chronic neck pain, chronic back pain, sciatica, pinched nerves, headache from cervical spine disease, bulging or herniated discs, failed back surgery, shingles or post-herpetic neuralgia, lumbar thoracic and cervical radiculopathy.